Terrorism defined •webster's: the use of force or threats to demoralize, intimidate and subjugate, especially as a political weapon •world book: the use or threat of violence. In an attempt to remedy this problem and provide an outline for the study of terrorism, dr john horgan has written the psychology of terrorism horgan, a lecturer at university college of cork, approaches the dearth of psychological studies of terrorism as the symptom of emotional responses to such acts by even the most objective of academics. Until recently, the psychology of terrorism had been largely theoretical finding actual subjects to study was daunting but access to terrorists has increased and a nascent science is taking shape. The psychology of terrorism is partly a case of theory and opinion rather than good science despite this, psychologists have suggested a view of terrorism in terms of political and group dynamics rather than individual behavior.
The uk prime minister david cameron has explained the problem of islamic terrorism in terms of a poisonous narrative of extremism which is being fed to young people but this is only a superficial explanation of the problem. This paper outlines a psychosocial approach to suicide terrorist attacks we develop this explanation in two consecutive stages first, we offer a characterization of suicide terrorism from a psychosocial point of view, which involves a critical review of several hypothesis and ideas about the nature and causes of the phenomenon. The psychology of why 94 deaths from terrorism are scarier than 301,797 deaths from guns by jenny anderson january 31, 2017 according to the new america foundation , jihadists killed 94 people.
Given these complexities, the psychology of terrorism is marked more by theory and opinion than by good science, researchers admit but a number of psychologists are starting to put together reliable data. Amazoncom offers more than 800 books on psychology and terrorism according to the psychology database psycinfo, more articles on terrorism have been published since 2001 than in the previous. Prof horgan is a senior scholar in the field of psychology, and director of the center for terrorism and security studies at the university of massachusetts lowell his new book, the psychology of terrorism , is a revised and expanded second edition.
Terrorism as normal psychology no one wakes up one morning and decides that today is the day to become a terrorist the trajectory by which normal people become capable of doing terrible things is usually gradual, perhaps imperceptible to the individual. The terrorist attacks in nice are the latest attempt to frighten and worry us just how does terror and the fear of terrorism affect the brain. The psychology of terrorism also includes mining the vast resources of the applied behavioral sciences for ways to prevent, treat, and mitigate the psychological effects of mass destruction on individuals and groups.
Irrespective of how one views terrorism, and at whatever level of analysis (eg, individual, group, organizational, subnational), terrorism is behavior, and thus rests firmly in the sights of psychology. Special report: the psychology of terrorism five experts share recent studies, classical research and professional experiences that shed light on defusing the threat of extremism by the editors on. Essay viewing terrorism through social psychology 1286 words | 6 pages acts of terrorism are becoming increasingly common in today's society from the frequent suicide bombings in israel, the recent violence in the russian village of beslan, to the attacks on the world trade centers on september the eleventh of 2001 that so violently shook the world terrorism is rarely far from our minds.
But can psychology, the study of the mind, tell us what motivates terrorists and how they differ from you and me the why files talked to three people who have tried to get inside the heads of furtive killers. Dr sinclair: one of the things i think is different about this threat is that it's on-going, people can't know when or where or how it's going to happenit's this thing that never ends and it's. Get this from a library the psychology of terrorism [chris e stout] -- this four-volume set provides a mixture of opinions and perspectives from academics, thinkers, activists, and clinicians on factors related to terrorism.